In the Middle Ages, the Church exhorted the faithful to good works as the path to salvation. At the same time, the purchase of an indulgence was said to save them from the punishment for their sins. Luther criticized the theology underlying it in his 95 Theses.
This took place in 1517. The ensuing historical development is today called the Reformation. In the exhibition, this period is presented in seven chapters. Martin Luther’s origins must be seen against the background of the late Middle Ages spheres of life, from which the awakening of the Reformation emerged. Luther developed a theology exclusively based on the Bible. With his severe criticism of the pope and the Church, he radically called medieval society into question. Due to the new medium of book printing, the Reformer quickly became a household name. After initial successes such as the translating of the Bible into German, the division of the Western Church led to a social crisis. Religious and political conflicts provoked hatred and violence. At the same time, the Reformation began to change the existing social order. A change of perspective helps manifest long-forgotten gender role changes. One of the Reformation’s gifts to posterity is today’s multifaceted Protestantism.
Kunter, Katharina: 500 Jahre Protestantismus: eine Reise von den Anfängen bis in die Gegenwart, Bonn, 2012.Graf, Friedrich Wilhelm: Der Protestantismus: Geschichte und Gegenwart, München, 2006.Martin Luther und die Reformation in Deutschland - Ausstellung zum 500. Geburtstag Martin Luthers im Germanischen Nationalmuseum Nürnberg, hrsg. v. Gerhard Bott, Frankfurt am Main, 1983.